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Increased road visibility for safer highways

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highway safety in india

Highway Safety Solutions

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National and State highways may constitute a very small percentage of India’s road network, but it handles almost half of the total traffic. To meet the increasing demand of a growing population and vehicular traffic, the Indian government is focused on making highways faster as well as safer for motorists.

In the following sections, we will identify key hazards and safety risks on highways, as well as potential 3M solutions to minimise them.

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What are highways?

Highways in India are multi-lane, high-speed roads and they consist of the following:

• Expressways and Freeways: A six- to eight-lane highway with tolls controlling access.

• National Highways: These connect major cities, states, industrial hubs and tourist centres of India.

• State Highways: These connect state capitals to districts.

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Types of safety risks encountered on highways

• Physical hazards: Any roadside object or feature that is located on or near the road which is likely to pose a danger to the occupants or riders of any vehicle.

• Road geography design: Sharp bends and roads on slopes provide little warning to drivers that help them anticipate road conditions and speed changes.

• Lack of road maintenance: Road surface imperfections such as potholes are likely to cause accidents.

• Lack of visibility: Insufficient lighting can pose a challenge to bring motorists’ attention to potential hazards such as junctions, speed breakers, and important road safety signs.

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Common safety issues and their suggested solutions

Sharp bends and blind curves
highway safety along black spots at night

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Mitigation Measures & Road Safety Solutions

• Cautionary/Warning signs (Chevrons, Class C, Type VIII, IX, XI) should be installed on the outer edge of the curve (IRC67: 2012).

• Delineators should be installed on the outer edge of the curve if the curve’s deflection angle is less than 20 degrees (IRC79).

• Red Raised Pavement Markers (RPMs) should line the edge of the road while amber ones should line the median (IRC35:2015) to guide drivers along the curved road.


Diamond Grade Reflective Sheeting (Class C, Type XI)

Vertical Delineators

Raised Pavement Markers

Overhead hazard
road safety sign for overhead hazards

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Mitigation Measures & Road Safety Solutions

• A Cautionary/Warning sign (Class C, Type VIII, IX, XI) should be installed on overpass structures with the height clearance stated clearly (IRC67: 2012).


Diamond Grade Reflective Sheeting (Class C, Type XI)

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Featured road safety products

View All Road Safety Products
  • 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Sheeting

    View 3M’s reflective sign sheeting that provides maximum total reflected light to drivers. Adheres to IRC Class C grade.

  • Delineators

    Constructed from high performing (Type XI) reflective sheeting to make outstanding products that deliver visibility and durability.

  • Variable Messaging Systems

    See the advantages of having real-time intelligent displays on roads that provide live traffic data to motorists.

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Additional resources and insights

  • Elements of Safe Roads

    Learn more about the safety regulations and standards that govern roads in India.

  • 3M Case Studies

    See how 3M Traffic Safety solutions have impacted the lives of drivers and pedestrians in India and around the world.

  • FAQ

    Get answers to common questions about 3M Traffic Safety solutions and products.

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